To higher perceive the “how” and “the place” of EU service exchanges, Eurostat is creating experimental statistics on the worldwide provide of providers (ISS) by modes of provide (MOS). Based mostly on 4 modes (mode 1, cross-border provide; mode 2, consumption overseas; mode 3, business presence; and mode 4, presence of pure individuals), statisticians can analyze EU commerce competitiveness by evaluating the ratio of internet commerce (exports minus imports) to complete commerce (exports plus imports).
Taking authorized providers for instance, this is able to imply that authorized recommendation supplied to the consumer overseas by way of digital channels is mode 1, but when the consumer from overseas involves the lawyer’s workplace is mode 2. If the lawyer establishes an affiliate overseas to supply authorized providers is mode 3 and if the lawyer goes overseas to supply a authorized service to a consumer then it’s mode 4.
The primary sources for modes of provide information are the worldwide commerce in providers (ITSS) statistics and overseas associates statistics (FATS). The entire methodology is described within the Eurostat modes of provide compilers information.
Business presence is the primary service mode
The EU’s complete exports of providers to nations outdoors the EU reached €2 429 billion (all 4 modes taken collectively) in 2018.
Three fifths (59% or €1 439 billion) of the EU’s complete exports of providers are provided by way of mode 3, which means by a service provider of an EU nation establishing a business presence within the territory of a non-EU nation. Exports carried out by way of modes 1, 2 and 4 (computed from the ITSS) account for the remaining two fifths or €990 billion (sum of modes 1, 2 and 4).
When it comes to imports from nations outdoors the EU, mode 3 (imports by way of overseas associates) is once more probably the most outstanding mode accounting for 58% of the entire EU imports from non-member nations or €1 309 billion. The imports by way of modes 1, 2 and 4 attain €935 billion (42% of the entire).
For extra info:
Mode 1 – cross-border provide: from the territory of 1 nation into the territory of one other nation.
Mode 2 – consumption overseas: within the territory of 1 nation to the service client of one other nation.
Mode 3 – business presence: by a service provider of 1 nation, by way of a business presence within the territory of one other nation. The Overseas associates statistics (FATS) framework is designed to supply info on the actions of enterprises positioned in overseas markets.
Mode 4 – presence of pure individuals: by a service provider of 1 nation, by way of the presence of pure individuals of that nation within the territory of another nation.
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